Georgia is one of the 50 states of the United States. The state is located in the Southern States region of the US and has 9,815,210 inhabitants (2011). The capital is Atlanta and the state’s default designation is GA.
Georgia borders Tennessee and North Carolina to the north, South Carolina to the northeast, Florida to the south and Alabama to the west. In the east, the state lies on the Atlantic Ocean.
About 60% of Georgia is made up of the gently undulating coastal plain or Coastal Plain.
In the Fall Line, up to 150 meters high, where rivers have numerous rapids, the coastal plain finds a sharp delineation from the Piedmont Plateau, which occupies about 30% of the territory of the state.
The Piedmont Plateau rises in the north to a height of 450 meters to the Blue Ridge Mountains in the Appalachians.
The highest point in the state is the summit of Brasstown Bald (1458 m).
The Savannah River is the state’s principal river, and is the border river with the state of South Carolina. The river flows into the Atlantic Ocean at the city of the same name.
Covering an area of approximately 1,700 km2, Okefenokee Swamp is one of the largest swamps in the United States.
Climate and tourism
Georgia has a mild climate, especially on the coast. Most of the state has a humid subtropical climate with hot and wet summers.
A number of tourist attractions are the 500-meter high granite mountain Stone Mountain and the old city of Savannah.
Founded in 1875, in the city of Athens, the University of Georgia is the first state university in the United States.
Etowah Mounds Archaeological is an ancient Native American settlement.
Okefenokee Swamp has nature reserve status.
In Atlanta is the Georgia Aquarium.
Important cities in Georgia are next to the capital Atlanta: Augusta, Columbus, Savannah, Athens, Sandy Springs, Macon, Roswell, Albany, Johns Creek.
According to countryaah.com, the state of Georgia in the south of the United States is administratively subdivided into 159 counties. This makes the state the state with the most counties after Texas.
Georgie borders the states of Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina, Florida and Alabama. The state is located in the east on the Atlantic Ocean.
Jimmy Carter National Historic Site
James Earl Carter Jr. is an American democratic politician who became the thirty-ninth president of the United States of America from 1977 to 1981. He was born in 1924 in the town of Plains, Georgia. He studied at the Naval Academy and later served in the US Navy. However, in 1953 he took over the family farm and other businesses. Before becoming the President of the United States, he was the Governor and Senator of the State of Georgia.
During his term in office, he organized a peace agreement between Egypt and Israel and was also heavily involved in human rights. In 1979, his popularity with the population began to decline. It was also conditioned by the American hostage crisis in Iran, as well as the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. Carter began to be considered a weak president, during whose tenure the influence of the United States of America in the world declined significantly. He was defeated in the 1980 election by Ronald Reagan.
After leaving office, Carter began to devote himself to charity, charitable events, and also helped in the resolution of some international conflicts. For this lifelong effort, he received the Nobel Peace Prize in 2002. He settled in his hometown of Plains in southwest Georgia with his wife, Rosalynn. Carter’s birthplace has been designated a National Historic Site and houses a museum and library. Visitors can watch how an ordinary country boy became the 39th president of the USA.
Kennesaw Mountain NBP
The Kennesaw Mountain area in the US state of Georgia has gone down in history as the place where one of the worst battles took place during the American Civil War. At that time, Southern soldiers under the command of Joseph E. Johnston fired on the attacking Union army from the top of Kennesaw Mountain. Kennesaw Mountain is located northwest of the city of Atlanta and is considered one of the largest battlefields of the Civil War, when more than 67 thousand soldiers died here.
The nearby town of the same name, Kennesaw, is interesting in that the city council has issued a decree that every household must have at least one firearm. This measure was introduced due to the increasing number of burglaries and muggings. The very next year after the ordinance was introduced, crime in the city dropped by 89%. For more than 20 years, Kennesaw, Georgia has had the reputation of being the most armed and safest city in the United States of America.
Ocmulgee National Monument
Ocmulgee National Monument is located in northern Georgia, near the city of Macon. This is a historically significant area, whose settlement dates back more than 12 thousand years. Native American cultures lived here and built simple houses in the ground. The houses can still be seen here today, which is why it was possible to preserve and record how people probably lived from the earliest times to the present day.
Tourists to the area are mainly attracted by the great variety of cultural and natural resources. Numerous archeological digs have been conducted at Ocmulgee, and many valuable artifacts, figurines, pottery, and other items left behind by the original inhabitants have been discovered. Today, the place is under state protection to be preserved for future generations.