The etymology of axiology brings us to the French word axiologie, which, in turn, comes from the Greek. Specifically, it is the result of the sum of three clearly defined components of said language:
-The adjective “axios”, which can be translated as “valuable”.
-The noun “logos”, which is synonymous with “treaty”.
-The suffix “-ia”, which is used to indicate “quality”.
Axiology is a theory or a specialty of philosophy that is focused on the analysis of values.
To understand what axiology is, we must first know what is meant by value in the philosophical field. In this framework, a value is a quality that is part of a reality (an object or a subject). In this way, objects and subjects are estimable according to the values they have.
Axiology is in charge of studying the values: their nature, the judgments that are developed from them, etc. It can be said that a value is a principle to establish a judgment, that is why axiology is related to ethics.
As a system, axiology is used for the identification and measurement of values. Therefore, it is often expressed that axiology is responsible for studying how individuals determine the value they attach to things.
Thanks to axiology it is possible to establish certain parameters that contribute to understanding the thinking of human beings. There are subjective values, target values, dynamic values, permanent values and other values. These values are organized in different ways in each individual and affect their behavior. The sum of all these behaviors configures the mode of action of a society.
By helping to understand how values are established, axiology can contribute to a change in acts from an ethical perspective.
In addition to everything indicated, we cannot ignore the existence of what is known as legal axiology. This is the one that is in charge of what the legal values are, hence it proceeds to determine what will be the values that should prevail when shaping the law or directly proceeding to apply it.
It is based on principles such as justice, due process, legal security or the so-called effective protection.
Of course, we must not forget the existence of what is known as axiology of education or educational axiology. As its name suggests, it revolves around values related to education. It is considered that it revolves around several basic principles such as these:
-Values are fixed and immutable.
-Values, although chosen, can be cultivated in different ways.
-Values are also specific reasons and criteria of conduct.
-Educational values and cultural values are the basis of education in general and of this type of axiology in particular. Hence, it is necessary to work around them with the students.