Before entering fully into the establishment of the meaning of the term axon, we must proceed to know its etymological origin. In this case, it can be said that it comes from the Greek, exactly from the word “axon”, which can be translated as “axis”.
The concept of axon is used in the field of biology to call the very thin continuation of a neuron, through which this cell sends nerve impulses to other types of cells.
Also called a neurite, the axon arises at the axonal eminence from a dendrite or the soma. With a cone-like appearance, the axon has a membrane known as the axolema, while its cytoplasm is called the axoplasm.
The axons are sometimes lined with a myelin sheath. According to the length of the axon, neurons (which are nerve cells) are classified in different ways.
The neurons Golgi type I have a very extensive axon. In contrast, type II Golgi neurons are characterized by having a shorter axon. Usually the axons of the neurons have an extension of just a few millimeters.
One of the most important functions of axons is to conduct nerve impulses. Through the synapse (a connection established through neurotransmitters), the axons transmit the potential for an inhibiting or exciting action, depending on the case. Although they are able to receive certain inputs, it is common for axons to develop an output function for nerve impulses.
Axons are also responsible for the transfer of metabolites, enzymes, organelles, and other elements. This function is developed via the axoplasm, with the participation of microtubules. Within the axon, transport can be centripetal or centrifugal and develop at different speeds.
In the same way, we cannot ignore the existence of what are known as terminal axons or terminal buttons. Basically that term is used to refer to the extreme part of the axon. Specifically, which is divided with the clear purpose of shaping several terminals that generate a synapse with other glands, muscle cells or neurons.
In the same way, we cannot ignore that Axón is what it is also called a bookstore specialized in Health Sciences that is based in Madrid. It has been operating since the second half of the 90’s and offers a wide bibliography on areas such as nursing, dentistry, physiotherapy, pharmacy, sports science or nutrition and dietetics, among others.
Within the field of technology, specifically mobile telephony, it is necessary to underline the existence of several smartphones that use the term at hand. Among those are the so-called ZTE Axon Mini or the ZTE Axon 7. ZTE is the company they belong to, a brand founded in 1985 that is considered one of the largest telecommunications firms in China.