According to abbreviationfinder, MDGs stands for Millennium Development Goals. There are eight international development goals that the 192 members of the United Nations and a number of international organizations agreed to achieve by 2015 in order to end poverty, among which we can mention: reduce extreme poverty, reduce infant mortality, fight disease epidemics such as HIV/AIDS, and foster a global partnership for development.
In September 2000, building on an unprecedented decade of United Nations conferences and summits, world leaders met at headquarters in New York to adopt the United Nations Millennium Declaration.
Thanks to the Declaration, the countries assumed the commitment in a new global alliance to reduce extreme poverty and established a series of eight goals, with a deadline of 2015, known as the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
In the 2015 Report of the Millennium Development Goals, the progress achieved is reported:
- Globally, the number of people living in extreme poverty has been reduced by more than half.
- The number of working middle class people living on more than $4 a day has tripled between 1991 and 2015.
- The percentage of undernourished people in developing regions has fallen by almost half since 1990.
- The number of children of primary school age who did not attend school fell by almost half globally.
- The global mortality rate for children under 5 has fallen by more than half.
- Since 1990, the maternal mortality rate has decreased by 45% globally.
- More than 6.2 million malaria deaths have been averted between 2000 and 2015, mostly among children under 5 years of age in sub-Saharan Africa.
- New HIV infections fell by about 40% between 2000 and 2013.
The concerted efforts of national governments, the international community, civil society and the private sector have helped increase hope and opportunity for people around the world.
- Goal 1:Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
- Target 1a: Halve the proportion of people earning less than $1 a day
- Target 1b: Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and youth
- Target 1c: Halve the percentage of people who suffer from hunger
- Goal 2:Achieve universal primary education
- Target 2a: Ensure that boys and girls everywhere can complete a full cycle of primary education
- Goal 3:Promote gender equality and the empowerment of women
- Target 3a: Eliminate gender disparities in primary and secondary education, preferably by 2005, and at all levels of education by the end of 2015
- Goal 4:Reduce child mortality
- Target 4a: Reduce by two thirds the mortality of children under five years of age
- Goal 5:Improve maternal health
- Target 5a: Reduce the maternal mortality rate by 75 percent
- Target 5b: Achieve, by 2015, universal access to reproductive health
- Goal 6:Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
- Target 6a: Halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS
- Target 6b: Achieve, by 2010, universal access to HIV/AIDS treatment for all who need it
- Target 6c: Halt and begin to reduce the incidence of malaria and other serious diseases
- Goal 7:Ensure environmental sustainability
- Target 7a: Incorporate the principles of sustainable development into national policies and programs and reduce the loss of resources from the environment
- Target 7b: Have significantly reduced and slowed biodiversity loss by 2010
- Target 7c: Halve the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation services
- Target 7d: Have significantly improved, by 2020, the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers
- Goal 8:Foster a global partnership for development
- Target 8a: Further develop an open, rule-based, predictable and non-discriminatory trading and financial system
- Target 8b: Address the special needs of least developed countries
- Target 8c: Address the special needs of landlocked countries and small island developing States
- Target 8d: Comprehensively address the debt problems of developing countries
- Target 8e: In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to medicines