Pennsylvania Counties List


Pennsylvania is one of the states of the United States of America. The state belongs to the Northeastern region of the United States and has 12,742,886 inhabitants (2011). The capital is Harrisburg.

Pennsylvania borders New York to the north, Ohio to the west, West Virginia to the southwest, Maryland to the south, and Delaware and New Jersey to the southeast.

In the far northwest, the state is located on Lake Erie. On the other side of this lake is Canada.

Pennsylvania belongs entirely to the Appalachian Mountains. The Delaware, the eastern frontier river, has some major western tributaries. These are the Schuylkill and the Lehigh.

West of the Alleghenyfront, the Monongahela, Youghiogheny, and Allegheny rivers converge at Pittsburgh to form the Ohio River.

Battle of Gettysburg
Gettysburg became famous for the Battle of Gettysburg during the American Civil War. The battle took place from July 1 to 3, 1863.

The Confederates, under General Meade, defeated the Confederates under General Lee in the battle. This marked a turning point in favor of the Northern states in the American Civil War.

Climate and holidays
Pennsylvania has a continental climate. But due to the influence of the Atlantic Ocean, winters in the state are not very severe.

Pennsylvania tourist attractions include the Pocono Mountains, the Alleghenies, and Lake Erie.

Historic sites include the Independence National Historical Park in Philadelphia and the Valley Forge National Historical Park near Valley Forge.

Gettysburg National Military Park is a reminder of the American Civil War.

The cities of Pittsburgh and Philadelphia also attract many visitors.

Cities Pennsylvania
The most important cities in the state of Pennsylvania are next to the capital Harrisburg: Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Scranton, Allentown.

Pennsylvania counties
The American state of Pennsylvania is administratively subdivided into 67 counties.

The state of Pennsylvania borders the states of New York, Ohio, West Virginia, Maryland, Delaware and New Jersey. The state capital is Harrisburg.

Pennsylvania Counties List

Thaddeus Kosciuszko National Monument

Thaddeus Kosciuszko born February 4, 1746 was a Polish general and leader of the national uprising against Russia in 1794. He also fought in the American Revolutionary War on the side of George Washington. He was awarded the order of Brigadier General by the Congress of the United States of America.

Kosciuszko was born into an aristocratic family, Ludwik and Tekla Kosciuszko. He attended a cadet school in Warsaw and then continued his studies of military engineering in France, where he moved in 1700. There he also became acquainted with the progressive ideology of the French Enlightenment. In 1776, Kosciuszko moved from Poland to America. At that time he was already an experienced engineer who came to offer his services to the American colonies in their struggle for independence. On October 18, 1776, he became a colonel of engineers in the Continental Congress and thus began his military career. He organized numerous battles that became important milestones in the American struggle for independence against the British.

Shortly after arriving in Philadelphia in 1776, Kosciuszko read the Declaration of Independence and even met Thomas Jefferson a few months later. A great friendship arose out of this meeting, as these two prominent politicians shared the same views. In the beginning of the war, Kosciuszko helped with the construction of fortifications at Fort Mercer, in New York he also helped with the construction of fortifications along the Hudson River, which was supposed to protect Saratoga. The Battle of Saratoga ended up being one of the most famous battles for independence and also proved to be a turning point in the entire war.

In 1778, Taddeus was the chief engineer on the construction of West Point, New York. This fortification eventually proved impregnable and was called America’s Gibraltar. The British army never managed to penetrate it. West Point later became a military academy as per Kosciuszko’s wishes. In 1783, Kosciuszko was appointed brigadier general and awarded the Cincinnati Order Medal by George Washington. He also received two pistols and historical swords as a gift for his service to the US Army.

Once the colonies won their independence, he returned to his native Poland in 1784 to help his own country win independence from the surrounding European powers. However, during one of the battles, Kosciuszko was wounded and captured by the Russians. After his release from prison, he returned to America, which he considered his second home. As soon as his ship reached the shores of Philadelphia, he was greeted by hundreds of people. He settled in a house on Pine Street, which is now a national monument. This house still commemorates the life and work of this Polish patriot and hero of the American Revolution. As a National Monument, the house has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places since 1970 and is managed by the National Park Service.

Kosciuszko was admired for his military knowledge and leadership skills, for his patriotism and generosity. He hated the oppression of people and races, he stood up for the poor, and his life goal became freedom. He was a strong supporter of equality and demanded the freeing of African slaves who had been forcibly brought to America. He was interested in their education, provided them with land and supported them themselves. Kosciuszko spent the last years of his life in Switzerland, where he also died at the age of 72. This happened on October 15, 1817, and he was buried at Wawel Castle in Krakow, in the tomb of the Polish kings.



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