Texas is one of the 50 states of the United States of North America. The state is located in the South region and has a population of 25,674,681 (2011). The capital is Austin and the state abbreviation is TX.
The state borders Oklahoma to the north, Arkansas to the northeast, Louisiana to the east and New Mexico to the west.
In the southwest, Texas borders neighboring Mexico. In the southeast, the state is located on the Gulf of Mexico.
The Texas landscape is divided into three plains. These rise in height in a terraced manner towards the west.
Parallel to the strongly articulated coast lies an approximately 250 km wide coastal plain. Rivers have formed deep bays here.
Off the coast of Texas are elongated sandbanks behind which vast lagoons have formed.
To the west, the coastal plain is closed off by the Blacklands. This is a rich agricultural area, beyond which rises the Balcones Escarpment at the beginning of the prairie area of the Great Plains, which has an altitude of 200 to 900 meters.
The central part of the Balcones Escarpment consists of the Llano Estacado, or Staked Plains. This is a dry steppe area, which partly has the character of a desert.
In the western part of Texas is the Trans-Pecos-Texas. This is a rough plateau. Here rise the foothills of the Rocky Mountains. Guadalupe Peak is the highest peak in the state at 2,667 meters above sea level.
Lakes and Rivers
The Red River forms the border river in the northern part of Texas. It is a tributary of the longest river in North America, the Mississippi.
The other rivers in the state almost all flow directly into the Gulf of Mexico.
The main rivers are the Sabine, Brazos, Colorado and Rio Grande, which has a length of about 3,030 kilometers. The Pecos is a tributary of the Rio Grande.
Near Denison is the large reservoir Lake Texoma.
Climate and holidays
The climate differences in Texas are very large. The southeast has a subtropical climate, the northwest has a continental climate.
The state suffers greatly from tornadoes and, in winter, from cold northerly winds. These winds are known as the Northers.
Most precipitation in Texas falls in the summer half of the year, but because of the strong evaporation, Texas is very dry.
Tecas is rich in natural monuments. Popular locations with tourists include the Big Bend National Park, the Guadalupe Mountains National Park, the Padre Island National Seashore.
There are also Caddo Lake State Park, Muleshoe National Wildlife Refuge, and Longhorn Cavern State Park.
There are a number of well-preserved or restored 18th-century missions in Texas. There are many of these to visit around the town of San Antonio.
Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center
From NASA’s Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center in the city of Houston, American space flights are prepared and supervised.
In addition to the capital Austin, there are a number of major cities in Texas: Houston, San Antonio, Dallas, Fort Worth, El Paso, Arlington, Corpus Christi, Plano, Laredo.
According to countryaah.com, the state of Texas, in the south of the United States, is administratively subdivided into 254 counties. It is therefore the state with the most counties.
The US state of Texas borders the states of Oklahoma, Arkansas, Louisiana and New Mexico. To the south, the state is located on the Gulf of Mexico. The capital is Austin.
Rio Grande W&SR
The Rio Grande River, then Río Bravo del Norte in Spanish, flows through the southwest of North America and the states of Texas, New Mexico and Colorado. Its flow continues to Mexico and reaches a total length of 2880 km. The basin of this river has an area of 570,000 km2.
The Rio Grande originates in the mountains of San Juan, which belong to the mountain system of the Rocky Mountains. It crosses a mostly dry flat landscape and sometimes meanders through narrow canyons. It empties into the Gulf of Mexico. The most water is in the river bed in the period from September to November, when strong floods also occur. In summer, the river is almost dry in some places. Several dams were built ON the river to irrigate the landscape and generate hydropower.
Several larger cities lie on the river, such as Albuquerque, El Paso, Ciudad Juarez and Nuevo Laredo (Mexico). The northern reaches of the Rio Grande River in New Mexico have been declared a National Monument to protect the remains of a colorful mosaic of cultures. In the past, numerous Pueblo Indian tribes lived here, as well as descendants of Spanish colonists. White settlers settled in the area around 1598.
Currently, this locality is attractive for its natural, cultural, historical and recreational resources, which are pleasantly combined here. A unique landscape was created here, in which the remains of human activity and life are visible. The languages, cultures, folk art, customs and architecture of the white and Indian inhabitants mixed here. The area is therefore a unique reminder of America’s colonial history.
San Antonio Missions National Historical Park
The San Antonio Missions National Historical Park preserves four of the five Spanish frontier missions in San Antonio, Texas: Misión Nuestra Seňora de la Purísima Concepción De Acuňa, Misión San Francisco de la Espada, Misión San José y San Miguel de Aguayo, and Misión San Juan Capistrano. All of these places are still active parishes and belong to the Archdiocese of San Antonio. They are open to the public throughout the year.
The fifth and perhaps most famous mission, called San Antonio Alamo, is not part of this park, but is owned by the state of Texas. All of these bases were established by order of the Catholic Church to spread religion and Christianity in the area among the local natives. These missions were established during the Spanish colonization of the American Southwest in the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries.
The park was originally established in 1975 as part of the Mission Parkway, which is part of the National Register of Historic Places and includes 84 separate historic sites along the San Antonio River. As a separate National Historic Park, the San Antonio Missions was recognized on November 10, 1978.