Virginia is one of the 50 states of the United States of North America. The state is located in the Southern region of the US and has 8,096,604 inhabitants (2011). The capital is Richmond and the standard abbreviation for the state is VA.
Virginia, also spelled Virginia in Dutch, is bordered to the northwest by West Virginia, to the northeast by Maryland and the District of Columbia, to the south by Tennessee and North Carolina and to the west by Kentucky.
In the east, the state lies on the Atlantic Ocean. Southeastern Virginia is on the Chesapeake Bay
. Part of the Delmarva Peninsula belongs to Virginia, but it is attached to the neighboring state of Maryland. The Appalachians are located in western Virginia.
The eastern part of the state consists of an approximately 100 kilometers wide and sandy coastal plain. There are many lagoons here. To the south, on the border with North Carolina, is the Great Dismal Swamp. This is a big swamp.
There are numerous islands off the coast in the Atlantic Ocean. In the Chesapeake Bay, Tangier, Watts and Fox Islands belong to Virginia.
The coastal plain ends at the Fall Line. This is the transition to the Piedmont, the eastern fringe, determined by a geological fault.
West of the Blue Ridge is the Ridge and Valley area. Here wide valleys are separated by sharp ridges.
Mount Rogers, in the south, is the highest point in Virginia at 1,746 meters.
To the west, this area is closed off by the 500 m high escarpment of the Allegheny Mountains. In the extreme southwest, part of the state belongs to the 1,600-meter-high Appalachian Plateau.
Lakes and Rivers
The Potomac, Rappahannock, York and James rivers divide the coastal plain into large peninsulas by their 5 to 10 km wide estuaries and gather in the 30 to 50 km wide Chesapeake Bay.
Virginia’s border with neighboring Maryland partially coincides with the Potomac River. This river flows into the Chesapeake Bay.
The Shenandoah flows into the Northern Border River Potomac. The Jackson and Cowpasture flow south to the James River, which meets the North and Appomattox east of the Blue Ridge.
In the south, the Roanoke also breaks through the Blue Ridge, but this river flows into the Atlantic Ocean south of Virginia.
The Rappahannock and its tributary the Rapidan rise on the east side of the Blue Ridge.
The Pamunkey and its tributaries rise on the Piedmont.
Furthermore, many hot springs originate in Virginia.
Climate and holidays
Virginia has a maritime climate in the eastern part. In the west, the temperature differences are increasing.
Tourists visit the National Cemetery in Arlington, among other things. Within the Colonial National Historical Park is the restored town of Williamsburg and the Jamestown Settlement.
Shenandoah National Park leads into North Carolina.
Hostorical landmarks include Civil War battlefields such as Manassas, Fredericksburg, Richmond, and Petersburg.
Besides the capital Richmond are some other cities in the state of Virginia: Virginia Beach, Norfolk, Chesapeake, Newport News, Alexandria, Hampton, Roanoke, Portsmouth, Suffolk, Lynchburg.
Harrisonburg, Charlottesville, Danville, Manassas, Petersburg, Winchester, Salem, Fredericksburg, Staunton, Hopewell, Fairfax, Waynesboro, Bristol, Colonial Heights, Radford, Manassas Park, Williamsburg.
According to countryaah.com, Virginia is divided into 95 counties.
Wolf Trap National Park
The full name of this Virginia park is Wolf Trap National Park for the Performing Arts. We can find it near Washington DC and it has become a kind of theater arts center. It covers an area of 0.53 km2 in the territory of Vienna County in Virginia. The National Park Service works with the non-profit organization Wolf Trap Foundation to protect this artistic national park full of natural and cultural resources.
The beginnings of this national park date back to 1966 and are associated with Mrs. Catherine Filene Shouse, who received the land here with the former farm as a gift. At that time, the Wolf Trap Farm Park, which was approved by the US Congress, was still located here. Only later was the area created the first national art park. On August 21, 2002, the park received its current name, a testament to its mission to preserve the historical significance of the area.
Currently, the Wolf Trap Foundation operates and cares for several different parts of the park that together form this whole. This is, for example, the Filene center, which is the main space for outdoor as well as indoor music performances, which can comfortably accommodate 7,000 people. Performances are held here every year from May to the beginning of September, and you can meet here a wide range of musical styles – from country to opera.
Another venue is The Barns of Wolf Trap – a year-round venue for occasional performances and concerts, offering a wide variety of entertainment and seating for 382 patrons. In 1971, the Wolf Trap Opera Company was also established here, which offers various programs for young and talented opera singers. Its main mission is to discover and support developing talents in the field of opera. Here, young singers can gain good experience, contacts and become successful. Other important places in the park include, for example, the Meadow Pavilion or the Theater in the Woods.
Yorktown National Cemetery was established in 1866 and housed the bodies of soldiers who fell during the 1862 Battle of Yorktown during the American Civil War. The Union and Confederate armies clashed here, resulting in casualties on both sides.
Currently, there are 1,596 marked graves out of a total of 2,204. There are 757 identified and named soldiers and 1,436 unknown soldiers buried here.