What does DOS Stand for

The operating system a DOS (the Disk Operating the System) is used for process data and liaise between the computer and the user. It developed on the principle of command line. Through we can carry out all the operations we perform in the Windows . But unlike Windows in DOS does not use a mouse and work entirely with commands. You can start it from Start-> Programs-> Accessories-> the Command the Prompt (the Alt + the Enter).

No significant capital or small letters.

MS-DOS stands for Microsoft Disk Operating System. Even with its release itself as the most widely used operating system in the PC.

The operating system MS-DOS control your computer through a variety of programs, each of which implements an action. The launch of each program is carried out with the introduction of the computer command. Commands are entered from the command line to the system prompt. Sample command is ‘DIR’, which displays the contents of the current directory.

The file names in MS-DOS consist of two parts – the name and extension, separated by a point. The name of the file can not be longer than 8 characters and extension of 3.

Basic commands in DOS

The HEL the P-help (you may be very useful to see the command options), you can use the quick help by typing <command /?> Thus get quick help for the command.

The MD <directory name> – creates deriktoriya. RMDI

The RD <directory name> – deletes deriktoriya (only if empty). CD

The CD <directory name> – entry in the directory.

.. The CD – leaving the subdirectory.

The CD \ – out of all the directories in which you arrived.

The COPY <name of a file> <path to the injection site where you want to copy the file> – copies files (for MS-DOS does not Paste).

The DEL <name and file extension> – deletes files, you can set command and thus del *. * – So specify to delete all files.

DELTREE <directory name> – you can delete full directories including all its subdirectories.

The FORMAT <drive> – format specified device. There are many options.

The FDISK – serves to separate disk partitions. (Partition Magic -razdelya disk under Windows).

The SYS <drive>-transfer of system files – required the device must be formatted or empty because they have a particular place if there is something you can not become their transfer.

The DIR-displays a list of files and directories (depending where you are).

The CLS-clears the screen.

The SET-creates environment variables and assign them values.

The TYPE-displays the contents of the file, but not editable.

Attrib-hide or show hidden files depends on the option.

EDIT lamp-start editor to full screen.

The MEM-displays information about distribution in RAM.

MIRROR-protects the disc from accidentally formatting. Store information about deleted files.

The VER-displays the current version of DOS.

UNDELETE-restores accidentally deleted files (if the computer is not restarted).

Unformat-recovers files deleted by accidentally formatting a disk.

SETVER-indicates a DOS application to assign a different version number.

SUBST for-replaces char oznachenenie device with an access road to a subdirectory. The letter symbols used in this way are called virtual drivers.

FASTOPEN-increase barzodeystvieto the disc.

The SHARE-supports the sharing of files and their lock

XCOPY-selectively copy files.

DISKCOMP-compares sadarzhanieto two disks track by track, taking into account which tracks are not identical.

CHKDSK-anmalizira, diagnose and correct (optional) common mistakes the hard drive and displays information about all of these FAT disk.

BREAK We-determines whether DOS checks for user keys pressed the CTRL + C(which interrupt most commands of DOS).

The TIME-shows siistemnoto time, allowing changes to it (the clock).

DATE,-show or establish consistency date.

PROMPT-changed prompt of DOS. Sends codes ESCAPE to ANSI.SYS (where you see “C: \” may, for example Slijen date, time and more.

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