What Does RNA Stand for

what is RNA:

The RNA stands for “RNA”, acid which intervenes next to the DNA in the synthesis of proteins and the transfer of genetic information from DNA. Also, international abbreviation is RNA which means “Ribonucleic Acid”.

The RNA is present in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Likewise, RNA is composed of a simple string that sometimes can be doubled. RNA is composed of nucleotides, which are joined by a phosphodiester linkages negatively charged, and each nucleotide is constituted by: ribose, phosphate, and 4 nitrogenous compounds known as: adenine, guanine, uracil and cytosine.

The RNA fulfills various functions serves to mediate in genetic information, a catalyst in the synthesis of protein, i.e., RNA copies each gene in the DNA information and then goes into the cytoplasm, where it joined the Ribosome for protein synthesis.

In reference to the above, you can see the interaction of different types of RNA in gene expression, among which we have: messenger RNA (mRNA), known as coding RNA, has the genetic code that determines the schema of amino acids to form a protein; Transfer RNA (tRNA) takes care of carry amino acids to the Ribosomes to incorporate them into the process of protein synthesis, also undertakes encode information which has a sequence of proteins and, finally, RNA messenger RNA ribosomal (rRNA) is part of the Ribosomes and acts on the enzyme activity, it is responsible for creating the peptide bonds between amino acids of the polypeptide in the protein synthesis process.

However, the RNA studies began in 1868 by Friedrich Miescher, also was the first person to investigate the DNA and promote the study of nucleic acids.

RNA and DNA

Between ribonucleic acid (RNA) and deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) there are differences in their structure and function.

As regards its composition and location, RNA brings together their proteins in a single propeller while DNA gathers them into a double helix. As it was said above, the nucleotides that make up RNA are by: ribose, phosphate, and nitrogen compounds 4: adenine, guanine, uracil, cytosine, and it is located in the cytoplasm, in turn, the nucleotides that make up DNA are formed by: ribose, phosphate, and nitrogen compounds 4: adenine, guanine, thymine, cytosine, and is always at the heart.

In reference to its functions, select DNA, stores and save the genetic code, in turn, RNA transmits genetic code stored DNA, i.e. meets Messenger function.

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