Determining the etymological origin of the term conscious leads us to Latin. And it is that it emanates from the Latin word “conscientis”, which is made up of three components: the prefix “with”, which is equivalent to “meeting”; the verb “scire”, which is synonymous with “know”, and finally the suffix “-nte”, which can be translated as an indicator of “agent”.
Conscious is the one who feels, thinks and acts with knowledge of what he is doing. For example: “I am aware that a tough challenge awaits me, but I am confident in my ability to come to fruition”, “Young people are not aware of the dangers of drugs”, “You have to be more aware and not drive if you have drunk “, ” Despite the blow to the head, the child never ceased to be conscious. “
The conscious is associated with consciousness, which is the psychic act through which a subject perceives himself in the world. Consciousness does not have an exact physical correlate, but is linked to mental activity that is only accessible to the individual himself and to reflective knowledge of things.
This means that the conscious is inaccessible from the outside of the person. The psychology believes that consciousness is a non-abstract cognitive status that allows humans to interpret and interact with external stimuli that form reality. The psychologist cannot access the patient’s consciousness, but he can interpret it from what the patient reports or evidence.
It is important to establish that within psychology, the Austrian physician Sigmund Freud determined three systems that shape the psychic apparatus. Specifically, he spoke of conscious, unconscious and preconscious, which are closely linked to each other.
In addition to all the above, we would also have to underline the existence of what has been called conscious eating. With it, what he tries to express is the need to eat thinking, that is, not committing abuses and protecting well-being and health.
There are many rules that come to lay the foundations of this diet, however, among all of them the following stand out:
• You have to eat enjoying what you have on your plate, its smells and its flavor.
• You have to stop eating food very quickly.
• It is necessary to control the portions that are taken.
• It is essential to be clear that control of what can be eaten and what is not in the hands of each.
These are some of the maxims of the aforementioned conscious eating that determines that its main objective is that anyone can enjoy the pleasure of eating.
For philosophy, conscience is the human faculty to decide actions and take responsibility for the consequences according to the conception of good and evil. A conscientious person, in this sense, is one who is responsible, who does not act negligently and who tries to minimize the negative consequences of his actions.