|City in the United States|
|County||Santa Clara County|
|– land||459,75 km²|
|– water||7,8 km²|
(April 1, 2020)
|– agglomeration||7.468.390 (2010) (San Francisco Bay Area)|
|Mayor||Sam Liccardo (D)|
San Jose in 1875
Cathedral Basilica of Saint Joseph
According to EHUACOM.COM, San Jose or San José is a city on the West Coast of the United States, in the state of California. Together with the cities of San Francisco and Oakland, it forms the San Francisco Bay Area metropolitan area. With 1,035,317 inhabitants (2017), it is the largest core of the region and the third largest city in the state of California, after Los Angeles and San Diego.
Officially, the city is called The City of San José, with an accent on the last e; for everyday use, the name San José has been recommended since 1979, to emphasize the Spanish origin. In practice, the accent is often omitted, since few accents are used in American English language.
At the end of the eighties it grew in size beyond San Francisco, which is limited in its growth by its location on a headland. San Jose is located at the southern tip of San Francisco Bay and on the edge of the Silicon Valley. The San Jose International Airport also contributed to the growth.
The city was founded in 1777 as a farming community in the then Spanish colony of Alta California. From 1850 it has been the capital of the state of California for a while. For a long time, San José has functioned as the agricultural center of the region.
After the conquest by the United States, the city, like the entire West Coast of the United States, attracted not only white settlers, but also Chinese immigrants as unskilled laborers in the mines and on the land. At a time of increasing resistance among Americans to this immigration, the Chinese quarter of San José was set on fire in May 1887. The city council regretted this in 2021.
Currently, the city calls itself the Capital of Silicon Valley (the capital of Silicon Valley) and San José partly serves as a dormitory city for the sizeable computer and chip industry based in Silicon Valley.
The city’s largest university is San José State University (SJSU). This university has approximately 30,000 students and grew out of the Minns’ Evening Normal School founded in 1857. This makes SJSU the oldest public institution of higher education in the State of California. The original campus is located in downtown San José and is known for its historic buildings and for the Olympic Black Power Statue, a statue by artist Rigo23 that commemorates the Civil Rights protests of athletes Tommie Smith (gold, 200m sprint) and John Carlos (bronze, 200m sprint) at the 1968 Summer Olympics in Mexico City. Both are SJSU alumni.
In 1981 San José became the seat of a Roman Catholic diocese.
8.3% of the population is older than 65 and 18.4% of the population consists of single -person households. Unemployment is 2.3 % (census figures 2000).
About 30.2% of San José’s population are Hispanics and Latinos, 3.5% are of African origin and 26.9% of Asian origin.
The population increased from 783,324 in 1990 to 1,035,317 in 2017.
In January the temperature is between 6 and 15 °C, in July it is between 14 and 29 °C. Annual average rainfall is 383 mm (data based on the measurement period 1961-1990).
San José has one sports club that plays in one of the four largest American professional sports. It’s about:
- San Jose Sharks (ice hockey)
In addition, San Jose Earthquakes football club plays in Major League Soccer.
San José has a city link with:
- Yekaterinburg (Russia)
The figure below shows nearby places within 5 miles of San Jose.
Alum Rock (8 km)
Good View (4 km)
Burbank (6 km)
Cambrian Park (7 km)
Campbell (8 km)
Fruitdale (6 km)
Seven Trees (4 km)
Sunol-Midtown (4 km)
Famous residents of San Jose
- Floyd McFarland (1878-1915), cyclist
- Virginia Brissac (1883-1979), actress
- Don Edwards (1915-2015), politicus
- Farley Granger (1925–2011), actor
- Margherita Sanfilippo (1927), composer and music educator
- Anita Sleeman (1930-2011), Canadian composer, music educator, conductor, pianist, trumpeter, horn player and arranger
- Norman Mineta (1931-2022), politicus
- Dudley R. Herschbach (1932), chemist and Nobel laureate (1986)
- Michio Kaku (1947), theoretical physicist specializing in string theory
- Peggy Fleming (1948), figure skater
- Rosanna DeSoto (1950), actress
- Steve Wozniak (1950), engineer, co-founder Apple Computer
- Russell Ferrante (1952), jazz pianist and co-founder Yellowjackets
- Chris Cain, (1955), guitarist and singer
- Miguel Pérez (1957), actor
- Tad Williams (1957), writer
- Lyle Workman (1957), composer, musician and music producer
- Steve Caballero (1964), skateboarder
- Candi Milo (1966), voice actress and singer
- Jenny Shimizu (1967), model
- Brandi Chastain (1968), football player
- Sheri Moon (1970), dancer, fashion model, actress
- Renée Elise Goldsberry (1971), actress, zangeres as a songwriter
- Brian MacPhie (1972), tennisspeler
- Dustin Diamond (1977-2021), (child) actor and musician
- Pej Vahdat (1982), actor
- Brett Dalton (1983), actor
- Levy Tran (1983), actrice
- Christina Kim (1984), golfprofessional
- Steven Beitashour (1987), Iranian-American soccer player
- Benji Joya (1993), football player
- Akhil Akkineni (1994), actor
- Vincent Zhou (2000), figure skater
- Joe James (1925-1952), Formula 1-racer.